Opinion: Higher prices at JC Penney means lower prices at jcp

By Robert Passikoff, President, Brand Keys

There's a wonderful Yiddish reflection, "the difference between genius and stupidity is genius has its limits," which may explain the difference between Apple stores and JC Penney/jcp. What's interesting is the strategies for both retailers were set by the same person: Ron Johnson, formerly SVP, Retail Operations for Apple, currently jcp CEO. It was JC Penney when he joined and announced his long and short-term strategies.

Long term: re-do all of the stores in the 111 year-old chain into mini-boutiques-under-one-roof, which sounds really cool, but, alas, to do that you need time and money and jcp is running out of both. Short-term — a plan that was going to reinvigorate the store and restore profitability — stop, what Johnson labeled "fake prices," and move away from nonstop promotions and coupons with everyday low prices (like Walmart) to "fair-and-square" pricing.

The change didn't work all that well, but in their defense, the Ellen DeGeneres commercials were fun. Until they cancelled the advertising and strategy, neither of which was working, and the regular sales, that Mr. Johnson had characterized as "simplifying" pricing. If that seems contrary to the previous "fair-and-square" positioning, we think that's a perfectly acceptable position for you to take, so go ahead.

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That was about six months ago and Mr. Johnson finally acknowledged that, "it was clear that withdrawing from our promotional model to a more everyday model has been harder than we anticipated."

You think? It wasn't just harder; it was expensive, coming with a price tag of a $552-million-dollar Q4 loss, which is a lot of money and pretty much a sign that your strategy isn't working. So what's a CEO with a chain in a death-spiral of same-store sales to do?

We're glad you asked, because Mr. Johnson has an answer to that question: go back to the original sales strategy they scrapped last year, and restore sales on a weekly basis. But if you do that, how do you protect your already tiny "fair-and-square" margins, where you're losing money big-time?

Now you might think that was going to be a really difficult question to answer, but not so much, particularly for someone who came from a company where simplicity and elegance were the watchwords. It's been reported that Mr. Johnson's elegant plan is to raise jcp prices to their former, higher levels — the ones before the fair-and-square pricing — and then cut them. Simple, huh?

No, no, you read that right. They're going to raise the prices and then — wait for it — lower them, figuring that will give them the appearance of having provided consumers with a large discount at a sales "event," so it will appear even more special and of greater value to customers. So, all in all, not so fair-and-square and really fake prices.

If you are as dumbfounded as we, join the club. In a century where consumers are more marketer than fool, speak to each other before they speak to the brand, and have access to more digital information each day, how does Mr. Johnson figure this strategy hoax is going to bamboozle consumers? We'd be fascinated to hear Mr. Johnson's answer to that.

In the meantime, for those of you interested, the phrase "fair and square" dates back to the 16th century. "Fair" was spelled "faire," and meant "aboveboard," and "square," meant "honest." So aboveboard and honest. But given the circumstances, with their new, more modern jcp logo, and more contemporary consumers, perhaps jcp should consider a more recent tagline. One from 1941: Never give a sucker an even break!

Dr. Robert Passikoff has 35 years of agency and client experience in all phases of strategic brand planning for a wide variety of B2B and B2C product and service categories. He has pioneered work in the area of loyalty and engagement, creating the Brand Keys Customer Loyalty Engagement Index, the Brandweek Loyalty Leaders List, the Sports Fan Loyalty Index, and the Women's Wear Daily Fashion Brand Engagement Index.

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User Comments – Give us your opinion!
  • Lori Spangler
    All Mr. Johnson has decided to do is follow the same strategy as other department store retailers. If your normal everyday prices are inflated, then of course a discount or coupon feels like a bargain. I spend my fair share of time as a consumer when I am not being a retailer, and in my observation, those stores utilizing coupons are ghost towns, pretty and clean, and not a customer in sight, on non-coupon days. What does that tell me? That coupons in those stores are necessary to end up paying the reasonable price. The fair and square strategy gave the reasonable price without the need for a coupon. Consumers just didn't get it. The result of it all remains to be seen. (Disclosure: I work for jcp and have daily front line engagement with our customers)
  • Bob Phibbs
    Worst. Makeover. Ever. It is tragic what has become to one of the iconic American retail brands under Johnson. And the "the customers just didn't get it" is a line of BS - the brand has been mismanaged since the hype arrived about Johnson. Now they are raising prices in order to have coupons. Reckless, absolutely reckless.
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